In the Census 1921, the community name was noted as Idayan. The Tamil speaking Yadavas were referred as Idayans and the Telugu speaking Yadavas were referred as "Gollas" and as Vaduga Aayars. The name of the community was notified as Yadavas in government records as per the Government of Madras G.O. No. 5240 Law (General) dt.13 December 1930. In the G. O. it was said that the term Yadava shall in future be adopted in place of Golla, Idayan, Gola, Gopi or Goda in all official announcement. Accordingly in the Census 1931 the name of the community was noted as Yadava instead of Idayan. This is the last caste wise census enumerated.
Konar in ancient literature
Konar (meaning king)[Yadav], Idayar or Idaiyan is a Tamil caste. It is a Sub Caste of Kshatriya caste. They are distributed all round the Tamil Nadu. They are known as Yadavs in rest of India. They are one of the ancient Tamil castes.
The Yadavas of Tamil Nadu were originally referred as Aryas in Tamil literature. Ilango Adigal had mentioned Ayars of Madurai in his Tamil epic Silapathikaram, which is considered to be one of the five famous epics of Tamil literature. According to this epic, they gave accommodation for Kannagi. They occupied grasslands known as Mullai in Ancient Tamil country. Konars traditionally raise cows, goats and sheeps and sell milk.
Yadhava is the name of one of the five Aryan clans mentioned in the Rig Veda. The epic Mahabharata and Purans refer to Yadu as the eldest son of mythological king Yayati. The regions where the Yadu clan settled is not certain, but certain scholars suggest that Yadu clan inherited the territories to the south-west of the Gangetic plains, between the Chambal River, Betwa and Ken, which correspond to the border areas of present Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. There the king Yadu founded the Yadava Dynasty, the first Chandravansha (or Lunar Dynasty) of the Indian history.
Yadava (Sanskrit) A descendant of Yadu; also a great race of Hindustan in which Krishna was born. The founder of this race, Yadu, was the son of Yayati and Devayani, and ruled over the country west of the Jumna River, adjoining the Kurus.
He was the half-brother of Puru, who became the founder of the Paurava line of the Chandravansa (lunar dynasty) -- to which also belonged the Kurus and Pandus. The greatest of the Yadavas in Hindu story was Krishna (hence he is called Yadava, "son of Yadu"). He established the Yadavas in Gujarat, his capital city being Dvaraka, to which Krishna brought all the inhabitants of the city of Mathura after he had slain his wicked cousin Kansa who had usurped the throne.
Sometime after Krishna's death (3102 BC), a catastrophe occurred at Dvaraka in which the city and all its inhabitants were engulfed by the ocean. Only a few members of the race who were absent from the city were saved. The present rajas of Vijaya-nagara maintain that they are living descendants of the Yadavas.
The eternal abode in which Krishna manifests Himself as the Lord of the Yadavas. During His descent to earth, Krishna reclaimed Mathura for the Yadavas by killing Kamsa and installing Ugrasena on the throne. Krishna resided in Mathura for thirty-three years before relocating the Yadavas to Dvaraka.
Several ruling clans in India trace their descent from the Yadu clans. These include the Bhattis of Jaisalmer and Yadavas of Devagiri.
The dynasty included hundreds of thousands of valiant warriors and princes, all fully devoted to Krishna
Vasudeva (Sanskrit). The father of Krishna. He belonged to the Yadava branch of the Somavansa, or lunar race.
Yadu: Yadu (Yadhu). Founder of Yadava clan into which Krishna was born; son of Yayathi.
- ^ Pandian, Jacob (1987). Caste, Nationalism, and Ethnicity. Popular Prakashan. pp. 110. ISBN 0861321367. http://books.google.com/books?id=73msCkfD5V8C&pg=PA110&dq=Konar%2Bcaste%2Btamil&lr=&num=100&as_brr=3&sig=_BkgLqmnXABUBuZ4yySp5fzkkps.
- ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh; Bhanu, B. V. (2004). People of India. Popular Prakashan. pp. 1100. ISBN 8179911012. http://books.google.com/books?id=BsBEgVa804IC&pg=PA1100&dq=Konar%2Bcaste&lr=&num=100&sig=JHnxijXrSEWIk5go6HsXd1UE-tc.